Desert Vein & Vascular Institute


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623-847-3884
14155 N. 83rd Ave Ste 136
Peoria, Arizona 85381

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Peripheral Artery Disease

WHAT IS PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE (PAD)?

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is narrowing or blockage of arteries that results in poor blood flow to the arms and legs. When you walk or exercise your leg muscles don’t get enough blood and you can get painful cramps, which tend to subside when stopping the activity.

Peripheral arterial disease, also known as the peripheral vascular disease, occurs most commonly in the legs.

WHAT CAUSES PAD?

The most common cause is the buildup of plaque on the inside walls of arteries, resulting in narrowing or blockage of those vessels. Plaque is made of extra cholesterol, calcium and other material in the blood. Over time, plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries, including those that supply blood to your legs. High cholesterol, high blood pressure, and smoking all contribute to plaque buildup.

As plaque builds up in the arteries, there is less room for blood to flow, preventing oxygen-rich blood from being delivered to the leg muscles. Without adequate oxygen, the muscles ache and cramp.  In severe cases, pain can occur at rest.

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Desert Vein & Vascular Institute
14155 N. 83rd Ave Ste 136
Peoria Arizona 85381
Phone 623-847-3884